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Tangail

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BD Tangail 7 This article is about the city. For the district, see Tangail District. For the upazila, see Tangail Sadar Upazila.

Tangail is a city, main urban area and district headquarters of Tangail District in central Bangladesh. It lies on the bank of the Louhajang River, 83 kilometres (52 mi) northwest of Dhaka, the nation's capital. It is the 13th most populous city in Bangladesh. Tangail is mainly acquired land from Mymensingh during Pakistan dictatorship.


Table of contents
  1. Etymology
  2. History
  3. Wards
  4. Geography and climate
  5. Demographics
  6. Sports
  7. Transport
  8. Traditional foods
  9. Parks
  10. Education
  11. Notable residents
  12. See also

Etymology

Tangail originates from the Bengali word tanga, meaning horse carts; long lines of horse carts were standard in the area in the early 19th century, as these were the favoured mode of transport for passengers and cargo.


History

Tangail has been a local business center since the early 19th century. In 1860, Tangail became the 4th ranking area of the Greater Mymensingh district due to its fertile land near the Louhajong River. It was close to Begun Bari, Mymesningh. In 1969, Tangail district was established.

Tangail Airdrop

The Tangail Airdrop was a successful battalion-size operation by India's Para Commandos, mounted on December 11 1971, by the 2nd Battalion (Special Operations) (2 PARA) of the Indian Army's Parachute Regiment during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 for the liberation of Bangladesh. The operation's main objective was capturing Poongli Bridge on the Jamuna River, which would cut off the Pakistani 93rd Brigade, which was retreating from Mymensingh in the north to defend the capital of East Pakistan, Dhaka, and its approaches. The paratroop unit was also tasked to link up with the advancing Maratha Light Infantry on the ground to advance towards the East Pakistani capital.

The Pourasabha (municipal corporation) was established on July 1, 1887, and initially divided the city into five wards:

This was later restructured into four wards - Ward No. 1 (Central), 2 (Betka), 3 (Dighulia) and 4 (Santosh) - and then, in 1988, into six wards with the addition of Wards 5 (Zila Sadar) and 6 (Kazipur).

The first city election was held in November 1887 when the citizens elected eight ward commissioners from four wards. The Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail, Shashi Shekhar Dutt, was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail city. The city needed to be better developed, lacking paved roads and roadside lamps; subsequently, the regional zamindars and subdivision board provided financial support to dig ponds, lakes, and canals, creating a safe water supply.

In the early 1900s, the Pourashava installed kerosene roadside lamps. The Pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of the 20th century. During this time, many tube wells were set up in the city, and the main modes of transportation were horsecars and cattle.

Electricity was established in the city in the early 1930s. Paved roads were constructed in the 1960s, connecting the town to Dhaka. Simultaneously, bridges and culverts were installed.

In 1985, Tangail was promoted from a C to a B Class city. In 1989, the Pourashava was promoted to A-Class. In the 1990s, the city was financed by the Asian Development Bank and the Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage, bus terminals, supermarkets, and other infrastructure.

In 1999, the city was restructured again into 18 wards (its current organization).


Wards

Tangail has an area of 35.22 square kilometres (13.60 sq mi), divided into 18 wards and 64 mahallas.

The Bangladeshi government is planning to expand the city to a total area of 81.75 km2.


Geography and climate

The city of Tangail is in Dhaka Division, Central Bangladesh. The town lies in a low-lying floodplain near the Jamuna River, south of the high plateau of the Madhupur tract. The average elevation of Tangail is 14 meters (49 feet). Tangail experiences a Tropical savanna climate(Köppen: Aw ) with a hot, humid tropical wet season (monsoon season) and warm, dry winter with high humidity year-round. The yearly average temperature in Tangail is 27.5 °C, and the average rainfall is 1817 mm.


Demographics

Tangail had 700,000 residents as of 2017.

Most of this population is Muslim (88.2%), like most of the cities in Bangladesh. Other religious groups include Hindus (11.7%), Christians (0.08%) and Buddhists (0.02%).


Sports

In the city's centre, Tangail Stadium hosts the city's most important sporting events. The stadium has hosted national events. It is the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. It was converted into a cricket stadium in 2015 and regularly hosted First Division Cricket..


Transport

Bangabandhu Bridge, the second longest bridge in Bangladesh, connects Tangail and Sirajganj.

It takes approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to reach Tangail from Dhaka (about 98 km away) via Kaliakair and Tongi. Several bus lines operate between Tangail and Dhaka's Mohakhali (???????) bus terminal. The Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jathika, and High Choice bus lines are among them.

Tangail railway station offers travel to Dhaka and other cities within Bangladesh. The inter-city Ekota Express, Sundarban Express, Rangpur Express, Intercity Tangail Commuter and Sirajganj Express (amongst others) serve the station alongside commuter rail and mail train services.

Tangail Airport was opened in 1967 for agricultural purposes but has been unmaintained since 1976.


Traditional foods

Parks

Tangail contains numerous parks, including Tangail Poura Uddan (one of the city's most-visited places), DC Lake, SP Park, and Soul Park. The town also contains part of the Madhupur National Park, one of Bangladesh's oldest national parks.


Education

The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8%.

Schools Higher education
Notable residents
He was a famous educationist. He established about 38 schools and colleges. He is a founder member of University of Dhaka, He was the first Muslim minister of united Bengal. For his contribution in education he was given the office of education ministry.
See also

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