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Jubal (Bible)

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Formella 05, jubal, nino pisano, 1334-1336 This article is about the person in Genesis 4. For other people of this name, see Jubal.

Jubal (also Yuval, Yubal or Tubal; Hebrew: ???? - Yubal) is a Biblical figure in Genesis 4:21[mechon-mamre.org] of the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament. Mentioned only once, he is sometimes regarded by Christians, particularly by medieval commentators, as the 'inventor of music'. A descendant of Cain, his father is Lamech and his brother is Jabal.

Biblical narrative

Jubal is only known from his appearance in Genesis 4:21[biblica.com] of the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament. The account describes him as a descendant of Cain and the son of Lamech and Adah. He is also a brother of Jabal, and half-brother of Tubal-cain and Naamah. Genesis credits him as the forefather of certain instruments: the kinnor (Hebrew: ????) and ugab (????). The translations of these vary depending on the edition:
"he was the ancestor of all those who play the lyre and pipe" (NRSV)
"he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ" (KJV)
"he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes" (NIV)

In Islamic sources

According to an unnamed Jewish source mentioned in Muhammad Al-Tabari's work History of the Prophets and Kings (915 CE), Jubal invented musical instruments during the time of Mahalalel.

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