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Burmese pagodas are stupas that typically house Buddhist relics, including relics associated with Buddha. Pagodas feature prominently in Myanmar's landscape, earning the country the moniker "land of pagodas." According to 2016 statistics compiled by the State Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee, Myanmar is home to 1,479 pagodas exceeding 27 feet (8.2 m) in height, a quarter of which are located in Sagaing Region. Several cities in the country, including Mandalay and Bagan, are known for their abundance of pagodas. Pagodas are the site of seasonal pagoda festivals.
Burmese pagodas are enclosed in a compound known as the aran (??????, from Pali arama), with gateways called mok (????, from Pali mukha) at the four cardinal directions. The platform surrounding a Burmese pagoda is called a yinbyin (???????).
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In the Burmese language, pagodas are known by a number of various terms. The umbrella term phaya, which derives from Sanskrit vara, refers to pagodas, images of the Buddha, as well as royal and religious personages, including the Buddha, kings, and monks. Zedi (????), which derives from Pali cetiya, specifically refers to typically solid, bell-shaped stupas that may house relics. Pahto (??????) refers to hollow square or rectangular buildings built to resemble caves, with chambers that house images of the Buddha. Burmese pagodas are distinguished from kyaungs in that the latter are monasteries that house Buddhist monks.
Burmese zedis are classified into four prevalent types:
Of the four classes, dhammazedis and udeikthazedis are the most prevalent, since they are routinely erected by donors as a work of merit. Burmese zedis are typically constructed with bricks, covered with whitewashed stucco. Prominent zedis are gilded with gold. Burmese zedis are crowned with a spired final ornament known as the hti, which is hoisted in a traditional ceremony (?????????????, htidaw tin pwe) that dates to the pre-colonial era.
- Datu zedi (????????, from Pali dhatucetiya) or datdaw zedi (????????????) - zedis enshrining relics of the Buddha or arhats
- Paribawga zedi (???????????, from Pali paribhogacetiya) - zedis enshrining garments and other items (alms bowls, robes, etc.) that belonged to the Buddha or sacred personages
- Dhamma zedi (????????, from Pali dhammacetiya) - zedis enshrining sacred texts and manuscripts, along with jewels and precious metals
- Odeiktha zedi (??????????, from Pali uddissacetiya) - zedis built from motives of piety, containing statues of the Buddha, models of sacred images
- Buddhism in Burma
- Pagoda festival
- Dhamma Talaka Pagoda, Birmingham UK
- Global Vipassana Pagoda, Mumbai India
- Golden Pagoda, Arunachal Pradesh India
- Sand pagoda
- Stupas in Sri Lanka
- Relics associated with Buddha
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